How to Make Internet on a Computer

How to Make Internet on a Computer

Today, there are two types of internet connection. The first type is a wired connection, using a cable called a twisted pair cable to connect. The second type is a Wi-Fi connection, providing an Internet connection due to radio waves. Wi-Fi connection has become widespread in our time. However, wired Internet has several advantages that are relevant in large organizations and offices. At home, it also makes sense to make a wired connection to at least one computer. For a stable Internet connection and effective work, it is necessary to correctly configure its connection settings.

Benefits of Wired Internet Connection

Over the past 15 years, the Internet has rapidly taken root in all areas of our lives. It is necessary in the banking sector, trade, production, and is also indispensable for the exchange of information and personal communication. The most common ways to connect to the global network today are wired and Wi-Fi.

The speed of information transfer through the cable depends on its type and on the network card that receives the signal. This affects the operation of desktop computers, game consoles, televisions and other devices integrated into one network. Streaming information does not require constant exchange between devices, which significantly increases the processing speed. Speed ​​in a local connection between workstations is of great importance when working in a corporate network. This is taken into account if there is a need for the rapid transfer of a large amount of information.

With a Wi-Fi connection, an Internet connection is made using radio waves operating in a certain range. Therefore, Wi-Fi is more in demand at the household level. It is convenient because it allows you to immediately connect to the Internet from a smartphone, tablet or laptop anywhere where there is an access point. Nevertheless, the reception of the signal is affected by the devices of neighbors operating in the frequency band of Wi-Fi connections, and objects along the path of radio waves.

A Wi-Fi connection does not need cable routing, but it is highly susceptible to radio interference, and the farther you are from the access point, the worse the signal reception

Wired connection has several advantages over wireless:

  • The speed of receiving and sending information with a wired connection is about 2 times higher than that of Wi-Fi;
  • When exchanging files with the server, the delay is minimal, which is important in online games that require maximum speed from the user;
  • Wired connection is more resistant to interference in the network; it is not affected by gadgets operating on the Wi-Fi frequency band or located near sources of electromagnetic radiation;
  • The signal power with a wired connection does not depend on obstacles to the passage and the influence of external factors.

How to connect a cable to a computer or laptop

Even an unprepared user will be able to connect an Internet cable to the computer’s network adapter connector. A standard cable (twisted pair) with crimped RJ-45 connectors on both ends of the cable is used for connection.

You can connect the cable as follows:

  1. Prepare the network cable for the required length.
  2. Connect one connector to any LAN port on the router.

First, connect the cable connector to any LAN port on the router

Now you need to connect the second cable connector to the LAN port of the computer

In old type modems, the provider’s cable should be connected to the yellow modem connector

The connecting cable from the device must be connected to the Ethernet connector of the modem

When connected to a computer, the indicator LED on the router indicator panel will light

Dynamic and static internet connection

After connecting the cable connectors and creating a connection between the network adapter of the computer and the equipment of the provider, you can debug the Internet connection. First of all, it is necessary to choose a method of connecting to the backbone network, starting from specific goals. There are 2 connection methods:

  • Dynamic connection is a way in which the individual IP address assigned to a computer is automatically configured and changes when the initial parameters are transformed. The equipment of the provider company independently assigns the values ​​of the network address and the main gateway to the computer. During the connection of the computer to the trunk line, the connection to the global network occurs immediately, without requiring additional input of identification data from the user. The only inconvenience with such a connection is the possible presentation of a remote connection to your address. In this case, you must first join the trunk line directly, bypassing the router;
  • Static connection is a connection method when the individual IP address provided to the computer remains constant and is indicated when concluding an agreement with the provider company. During such a connection, the user sets the address in manual mode, and also independently sets the values ​​of the main gateway and DNS servers. If such information is not available in the contract, then you can find it in the technical support department of the provider company. Some Internet providers may require you to enter a username and password for online licensing. This information, as a rule, is indicated in the contract documents or determined by the subscriber independently.
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How to create a dynamic connection

To correctly create a dynamic connection, you must perform a series of sequential actions:

  1. Right-click on the Start icon.
  2. In the menu that appears, click on the “Network Connections” line.

In the Start key menu, go to the Network Connections section

In the “Settings” go to the option “Configure adapter settings”

From the Ethernet drop-down menu, select “Properties”

In the properties panel, select the line IP version 4 (TCP / IPv4), and then open the “Properties”

In the last step, activate the “Obtain an IP address automatically” and “Obtain an DNS server address automatically” radio buttons

The dynamic connection is now ready for use.

How to create a static connection

To create a static connection, you must complete the following steps:

  1. Repeat steps 1–6 of the previous instruction (to create a dynamic connection).
  2. In the settings panel for the TCP / IPv4 protocol, enable the “Use the following IP address” and “Use the following DNS server addresses” switches.

In the properties panel of the TCP / IPv4 protocol, activate the “Use the following IP address” and “Use the following DNS server addresses” switches

In the TCP / IPv4 protocol properties panel, enter the parameters received from the provider

That’s it, the static connection is established.

Currently, most home Internet subscribers use a dynamic connection, since the main way is to connect through a router. Static connection is used for modem connection or for direct connection.

Video: creating a static and dynamic connection. How to configure L2TP connection in Windows 10

The L2TP tunneling protocol used to connect to the global network is a symbiosis of the old PPTP protocols from Microsoft and L2F from Cisco. It is easily processed by network devices and has a high information exchange rate due to reduced processor load. It has great connection stability and high security. Able to create tunnels to work on any network. The L2TP protocol is usually used in corporate networks, as it allows you to create a network connection over an existing network. This provides a stable connection between the organization’s head office and regional offices.

To configure the L2TP connection, you need to perform a series of sequential actions:

  1. Right-click on the Start icon.
  2. In the menu that appears, click on the “Network Connections” line.

From the Start menu, select the line “Network Connections”

In the “Settings” section, open the “Network and Sharing Center”

In the menu of the “Network and Sharing Center” section, you must select the first item. “Create a new connection or network”

Highlight the line “Connect to the workplace”, then click “Next”

Click on the “Use My Internet Connection (VPN)” tab to continue setup

Enter the server address and do not forget to tick the last item to allow other users to use the connection

In the console, right-click on the generated VPN connection and go to “Properties”

VPN type must be set as L2TP with IPsec (L2TP / IPsec), select “optional” for data encryption

The authentication key must be provided by your provider.

If you did everything right, then the L2TP connection is ready for use.

How to configure PPPoE connection in Windows 10

The PPPoE Internet network connection protocol is used when connecting to a backbone network using Ethernet technology. This method has several advantages, for example, an expanded range of additional features, information compression during transmission, authentication and encryption operations with information packets. Connection requires network authorization (entering a username and password). Used for direct connection to the backbone network and the equipment of the provider.

To connect to the Internet using the PPPoE protocol, you need to perform a number of operations:

  1. Open the Network and Sharing Center.
  2. Here, select “Create and configure a new connection or network.”

In the “Network and Sharing Center” section, click on “Create and configure a new connection or network”

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Select the first item. “Internet Connection” and click “Next” for further settings

In “Internet connection” select the connection “High-speed (with PPPoE)”

Enter the login and password received from the provider, and click “Connect” to complete the setup

Now you have a PPPoE connection.

How to fix wired internet connection problems

When connecting to a wired Internet, errors periodically occur due to equipment problems, a broken main network, or incorrect user actions. In most cases, connection problems occur due to careless actions of the user himself. To determine and eliminate the cause of the problem, you need to perform simple steps according to the following algorithm:

  1. Launch the Network and Sharing Center.
  2. In the Network Connections tab, select Troubleshoot.

Go to the “Network and Sharing Center” and open the section “Troubleshooting”

For further settings, select the option “Internet Connections”

You will see the highlighted line “Run the troubleshooter”, click on it to continue.

Wait for the problem detection process to complete.

Select “Internet Connection Troubleshooting” and wait for the diagnostic process to complete

Select “Inbound” to continue troubleshooting.

Launch the troubleshooter by clicking on the appropriate line

Check “Find this computer on the network” and continue troubleshooting using the “Next” button.

Expect Network Gateway Configuration Verification

This completes the verification of incoming connections.

The instructions below show the detection of one inbound connection problem. You can familiarize yourself with the problem in more detail by clicking on the line “View additional information”.

Next, we will check the network adapter:

    In the “Troubleshooting” section, select “Network adapter” and click on the highlighted line “Run the troubleshooter.”

To start checking the network adapter, select the option “Run the troubleshooter” in the “Troubleshooting” section.

In the list of adapters for diagnostics, check Ethernet

The above method for troubleshooting connection errors is a classic one and was developed by Microsoft specialists.. In reality, everything can be much simpler, since the problem with the Internet connection can be caused by other reasons that can be eliminated mechanically.

This algorithm helps to fix the problem with the lack of an Internet connection in most cases:

  1. Reboot the computer.
  2. Disconnect the router from the network and wait 10-15 seconds.
  3. Turn on the router.
  4. If the connection is not restored, click on the Reset button to restart the router.

Currently, all Internet service providers prefer to establish a dynamic connection to the backbone network. This is more convenient for the network subscriber and for the provider company, since it does not require reconfiguration of the parameters with any changes in the network equipment. If you plan to often use remote access to your computer, then it is certainly better to choose a direct connection, bypassing a router or modem. For home Internet, you can always change the settings of the router and the type of connection set initially by the provider. Further, when changing the system configuration or completely reinstalling the network parameters are set automatically. With a direct connection, the settings will need to be set in manual mode. All this must be taken into account by users when choosing the type of Internet connection.

First way: button “Print screen”

On the any The keyboard has a special button for taking screenshots. It is called “Print screen”, and sometimes “PrntScrn”, “Prtscn”, “PrtScr” or “PrtSc”.

How to do

If you a computer, press the button “Print screen”.

If you a laptop, press two buttons simultaneously: “Print screen” and “Fn”.

If you want to take a screenshot active window (program) only, press simultaneously “Alt” and “Print screen” on the computer; “Alt”, “Print screen” and “Fn”. On a laptop.

The screenshot will be saved to the clipboard. Now you can paste it into a letter, photo editor or Word (simultaneously press the buttons “Ctrl” and “V”)

How to save a screenshot in a separate file

After taking a screenshot, click “Start” “All programs” “Standard” “Paint”.

Press two buttons simultaneously: “Ctrl” and “V”. Your screenshot will appear on the screen.

Press two buttons simultaneously: “Ctrl” and “S”.

A window for saving appears. Write the file name and select a location to save it. The file type is better to use JPEG.

Method two: program “Scissors”

Such a program is in Windows 7, 8, 8.1, 10.

How to do

Press button “Start” (“All programs”) (“Standard”) “Scissors”.

Or write in the search field “Scissors” (in Windows 7 and 8, the search field appears when you click “Start”, in Windows 10. When you click the button with a magnifier).

The program will start and a cross will appear instead of the mouse cursor. Select the desired piece of screen.

The screenshot will be saved to the clipboard. Now you can paste it into a letter, photo editor or Word (simultaneously press the buttons “Ctrl” and “V”) Also in the screenshot you can write or draw something (icons in the form of a pencil and felt-tip pen).

How to save a screenshot in a separate file

Click on the floppy disk icon.

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A window for saving appears. Write the file name and select a location to save it. The file type is better to use JPEG.

Where to find screenshots

In the folder that was selected when saving. It is better to store screenshots in a folder “Images”.

All about local networks and network equipment

The modern man is faced with the need to connect to Wi-Fi everywhere: wireless networks are much more practical and convenient than their cable “brothers”.

That’s just such WiFi-privileges basically “use” all kinds of mobile gadgets: phones, tablets, smartphones and most modern laptops. Accordingly, the question arises: what is the “classic” personal computer worse? After all, working on a desktop computer is much more convenient, and cable Internet connection is often a lot of trouble.

And in this article we will discuss how to connect a stationary computer to wifi, and what needs to be done to make the computer “catch” invisible Wi-Fi.

By the way, the age of the device is not directly related to the creation of a wireless network, and you can even connect WiFi to a relatively old computer.

Can I connect a regular computer to wifi?

Some difficulties with connecting Wi-Fi on a personal computer are by no means connected with the “prejudices” of developers or the unsuccessful complete deprivation of the fate of this device.

The fact is that mobile devices and modern laptops are initially equipped with a built-in Wi-Fi adapter for connecting to a wireless network (which is not available on a desktop computer). However, such devices are mostly designed for short-term access to the network, and have a rather meager set of functional capabilities.

While a stationary computer is designed for continuous operation with both serious offline software and with any resources of the global information network. Accordingly, the connection with all peripheral devices and external networks (Internet, power, etc.) is carried out here in a more reliable cable way.

Therefore, it is not worth deciding to connect a home computer to wifi solely for aesthetic reasons. The “standard” cable connection is more reliable, more efficient (Internet speed is not “cut”), and much less damage to the health of the Internet user.

However, if a hard connection to an Internet source is unavailable for some reason, you can connect Wi-Fi to your home computer in a matter of minutes.

How to connect a home computer to wifi?

To connect wifi to a stationary PC, first of all, you need to purchase a special removable Wi-Fi adapter. A miniature antenna that will “catch” the Internet signal transmitted by the router and return the data processed by the user to the router.

The most popular and inexpensive solution here is to choose a removable USB adapter for your computer.

If you purchased the adapter from an authorized distributor, then a disk with a special program for installing drivers is supplied with the device.

How to install Wi-Fi on a computer with Windows 7?

1. Plug your adapter into any USB port on your computer.

2. Insert the disk into the drive, run the auto-tuning utility, and at the request of the program, click the “Next” button.

3. After installing the driver in the “Network Control Center” folder for Windows 7 (or “Network Connections” for Windows XP) you will see a new shortcut (in addition to the usual “Local Area Connection”). The name of the label will contain the brand of the manufacturer of your adapter.

4. Now you can connect your desktop computer to wifi. To do this, right-click on the shortcut once. “Connection”. Select the name of your Wi-Fi network and enter the password.

How to configure Wi-Fi if there is no installation disk?

In addition to the “classic” acquisition of a brand-new licensed adapter, there are times when the user needed the Wi-Fi on the computer “here and now” and he borrowed from friends / acquired an old used WiFi adapter.

The driver disk for such an adapter, of course, has long been lost.

In this situation, you need to download the archive with the driver from the Internet.

“But there is no Internet!”. You say. “What to do?”

Here To connect a desktop computer to wifi:

1.

Go to the official website of the manufacturer of this adapter (or the profile resource ddriver.Ru), find the driver you need by the name of the USB-Wi-Fi adapter and download the software to your computer.

2. Next, right-click once on the “My Computer” shortcut, then “Management” and select “Device Manager” here. In the “Network Adapters” section, find the name of our USB adapter, right-click on it and select the “Update Driver” menu item. Next, specify the folder into which the archive with the necessary drivers was copied, and click “OK”.

3. After installation is complete, you can connect your desktop computer to wifi. To do this, in Network Connections: