How to Charge a Phone Battery Properly

The problem with any smartphone is its short battery life. Ordinary phones, the predecessors of smartphones, worked without recharging for several days. The battery of modern gadgets sits in a day, a maximum of two. This is a payment for large screens, multimedia applications, Internet access, etc. Therefore, it is very necessary to recharge the battery, which is why it begins to degrade within a year after use. And in order to extend the battery life of a smartphone, it is important to properly charge it while it is new. There are a lot of discussions about how to properly charge a new smartphone battery. Let’s try to understand this issue.

Types of batteries in smartphones

To begin with, it is worth saying a few words about the types of batteries used in phones. Modern smartphones use lithium ion (Li─Ion) and lithium polymer (Li─Pol) batteries. What are these devices?

We recommend that you additionally read the article on how to properly charge a li-polymer battery.
Thus, lithium ion batteries with a negative electrode made of carbon materials were developed. As the active mass of the positive electrode began to use cobalt oxides. This material has a potential of 4 volts relative to the carbon electrode in which lithium is intercalated. Therefore, most lithium-ion batteries have a voltage of 3–4 volts.

Smartphones also use lithium polymer batteries (Li─Pol). They are based on the transition of polymers into a semiconductor. This occurs when electrolyte ions are introduced into their structure. As a result of this process, the conductivity of the polymer material increases significantly. Scientists are working towards finding a polymer material that would replace liquid electrolyte. Such searches are conducted, both for Li-Ion batteries, and for batteries with metal Li. In the case of the latter, in the case of using a polymer electrolyte, the energy density can increase several times in comparison with lithium-ion ones.

Now, battery manufacturers have already mastered the serial production of lithium batteries of the following types:

  • Polymer electrolytes in which lithium salts are embedded. It may not be one polymer, but a mixture;
  • Dry polymer-based electrolytes. For the most part, it is polyethylene oxide with various lithium salts;
  • Microporous matrices where non-aqueous solutions of lithium salts are embedded.

Smartphone Battery Charger

Now, as for the charger (charger) for the smartphone battery. Briefly consider the main aspects of choosing a memory for a smartphone:

  • Original or universal charging. It is better to charge the smartphone from the “native” memory. But if you choose universal charging in accordance with the characteristics of the battery of your smartphone, then there is no difference. It is safe to charge from the computer, but for a long time;
  • What current to charge. The charger should charge no more than the maximum battery charging current. This value can be found in the battery specifications. In most cases, when the battery capacity of the smartphone is up to 1800 mAh, the charging current is 1 A. If the capacity is greater, then 2 A;
  • Cable. Use a data cable to charge. The smartphone’s battery identifies the charger by it. Otherwise, the charging process may end sadly.
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How to properly charge a new smartphone battery

We already talked about how to properly charge the smartphone battery. Now we will talk about charging a new battery. Many have probably heard that the new smartphone battery needs to be charged in a special way. It really is. If you bought a new smartphone or a battery for it, then a “buildup” is needed for the battery. What does it mean?

Read more about how to rock a smartphone’s battery in the material here.

Experts recommend once a month to train the phone’s battery. It lies in the fact that the battery is discharged to zero and is charged up to 100%. Do not forget the smartphone while charging for a long time if you use “non-native” charges. This can lead to battery failure. Be careful when using third-party chargers designed for car cigarette lighters. Match these chargers to the battery characteristics of your new smartphone.

There are such devices that are popularly called “frogs” for their appearance. With their help, you can charge the battery directly without a smartphone. Their choice also needs to be approached carefully. The requirements are the same, compliance with the rechargeable smartphone battery in terms of power, voltage, current.
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How to Charge a Phone Battery Properly

A modern mobile device, in addition to its initial purpose. A means of communication. Performs many other functions. This includes Internet access, a photo and camera, the ability to watch movies, listen to music and play games and much more. Therefore, the batteries of such devices often have to be charged. How to do it right to extend battery life and increase its resource?

Types of Phone Batteries

Modern smartphones use lithium-ion (li-ion) and lithium-polymer (li-pol) batteries. Lithium-ion replaced its predecessors. Nickel-cadmium and nickel-metal hydride. And surpassed them in many ways. However, during operation, their shortcomings were discovered. Lithium electrodes were unstable. Therefore, in pure form, this material is no longer used, replacing various compounds. The resulting batteries met all the requirements, and therefore firmly occupied their niche.

Also, modern smartphones use lithium-polymer batteries. It uses the principle of the transition of polymers into a semiconductor. Electrolyte ions are introduced into polymers, this improves conductivity.

To date, these types of batteries are produced:

  • Polymer electrolytes with lithium salts embedded in them;
  • Polymer-based dry electrolytes;
  • Microporous matrices where non-aqueous solutions of lithium salts are embedded.

Development in this direction is ongoing to this day, so the technology continues to improve.

Older phones typically use nickel-cadmium and nickel-metal hydride.

How to properly charge a new smartphone battery

Many have heard that the new battery needs to be charged in a special way, otherwise it will fail faster. But if the battery is non-removable, then it will not be easy to replace it.

A brand new battery is recommended to “swing”. Here’s what you need for this:

  1. Discharge the battery completely to zero. No need to do this on purpose, tormenting the smartphone in all ways. Let the discharge happen gradually, during normal use. The main thing is that it be complete.
  2. Then put the device on charge. You need to look in the manual to it, how long it takes a full cycle of charge and discharge, and throw a couple of hours by the time the battery is restored.
  3. After fully charging, use the phone as usual, but again, wait until it is completely discharged, repeat the procedure. And so. 3-4 times. This increases the battery life, allows it to last longer.
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How to charge a new phone with a li-ion battery

There are some nuances here. Lithium-ion batteries are not very good at full charge. Therefore, even at the very beginning of operation it is not worth abusing the “buildup”, limiting it 2-3 times. In the future, the battery charge should be kept within 20-80%, you should not allow it to completely discharge, as well as keep it plugged in, all the time. It will be optimal not to let the battery charge to the end, leaving a charge at the level of 90-95%.

How to charge a new smartphone with li-pol battery

Li-polymer batteries do not like deep discharge at all. Manufacturers recommend the first few times to fully charge the battery, but in this case it is better not to bring it to zero. With an indicator of 10-15 percent, it is already worth connecting the device to the mains. In the future, it is recommended to recharge it at any convenient opportunity. In small portions.

. How to extend the battery life of your phone

Different batteries require a different approach, but there are general rules that should be followed for all types of batteries in order to extend their service life:

  1. It is worth using only the “native” charge. When it reaches full charge, it ceases to supply power to it, even if it is not disconnected from the network. Therefore, recharging will not happen in any case. Using someone else’s charge can spoil the battery. “Native” memory devices also meet all the requirements regarding this particular model: voltage, output current, power.
  2. It is necessary to maintain the optimum temperature both during operation and during storage of the smartphone. This room temperature. Both overheating and overcooling, as well as a sharp change in temperature, harm the device equally.
  3. If no one will use a mobile device for a long time, then you should not fully charge it before it, as well as discharge it to zero. This will damage the battery. It will be best to turn off and remove the phone at a charge level of about 50%.

Next. The nuances of operating different types of batteries.

How to charge a smartphone with a li-ion battery

Lithium-ion batteries do not like full discharge (with the exception of calibration) and overcharging. It is optimal to maintain a charge level between 20 and 90%.

You can charge in different ways:

  1. Regular charger. Its characteristics are optimal, therefore it is advisable to use it. Only in the absence of such an opportunity to resort to other methods.
  2. While working at a computer, you can at the same time connect a mobile device to it and recharge it. However, this will take much longer than charging through a wall outlet.
  3. Cigarette lighter in the car. It is convenient for those who are driving, but the process may also not be fast. Depending on the parameters of the device.
  4. Universal memory. Such a device in common people is called a “frog”. Suitable for different types of batteries.
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Once every three months, a charge calibration is recommended. It involves a complete discharge followed by a full charge.

How to charge a phone with a li-pol battery

Lithium-polymer batteries do not like overdischarge and one hundred percent charge. It is better to keep it in the range from 20 to 90%, when this indicator is reached, disconnect from the network. If during discharge you still missed the moment and the device turned off, you do not need to keep it in this state, but you should immediately put it on charge.

With lithium-polymer batteries, you should not be afraid of recharging too often. On the contrary, you need to do this at any convenient opportunity in small portions. The main thing is not to keep charging for several hours and not reach 100% of the scale.

Being permanently connected to the electrical network is harmful to such a battery. The controller built into the charger will disconnect it from charging at the right time, however, heat will continue to flow. This harms the lithium polymer battery.

How to charge a phone with a ni-mh battery

Nickel metal hydride (ni-mh) batteries are less durable than modern ion batteries. And also they have a memory effect. That is, the battery “remembers” to what state its charge reached before, and begins to discharge faster.

To prevent this from happening, such batteries need to be “trained”: periodically completely discharge, and then fully charge. This allows you to increase capacity by an average of 5%.

What is not allowed when charging the phone battery

All batteries, without exception, do not tolerate:

  • Hypothermia;
  • Overheating;
  • Bumps and other physical damage;
  • A sharp change in temperature;
  • The use of non-native memory;
  • Permanent connection to the mains.

Depending on the type, they also have some other “addictions”.

With li-ion battery

With a battery of this type, the following cannot be allowed:

  • Frequent complete discharge;
  • Constant 100% charge;
  • Discharged storage;
  • Charge calibration too frequent;
  • Overheating and hypothermia.

It’s better to maintain a battery charge of up to 90%, and once a few months to arrange a “training”, and everything will be fine.

With li-pol battery

With a battery of this type, the following cannot be allowed:

  • Full discharge;
  • Training or calibration;
  • Full charge;
  • Permanent connection to the mains;
  • Overheating and hypothermia.

As with li-on, the optimal charge will be in the range from 20 to 90%.

With ni-mh battery

With a battery of this type, the following cannot be allowed:

  • Recharge;
  • Frequent charge “a little bit”;
  • Storage in a fully charged or fully discharged form;
  • Overheat.

In order not to lose the capacity of such a phone, it is recommended to charge it completely, and discharge it as much as possible. Periodically “train.”


It should be understood that whether you have an Android, iPhone or an old black and white mobile phone, none of these devices can live forever. Aging and battery failure is an inevitable process. However, proper handling can slow it down and extend the life of the mobile device.