Disable two-factor authentication for Apple ID

Table of Contents

What to do if the program does not have verification code support?

Not all software has a pre-installed ability to interact with special codes. It is configured in the account. To do this, you need to get into your own profile through the browser and independently come up with a password to enter various programs. Only you will know such pins, you can take them for all services that use Apple ID:

  • cloudy Ayklud;
  • calendar;
  • notes and stuff.
  • log in through your browser;
  • go to “Security” and click “Change”;
  • in the new window, choose to create a password, select an application or several, where the created pin will be used;
  • save the changes. After that, during authorization, you will need to enter the invented password.

On iPhones and iPads

  • go to the smartphone menu;
  • find iCloud;
  • choose the sub-item “Password”;

disable, two-factor, authentication, Apple

  • we are interested in the “Configure two-factor authentication” section;
  • enter the key sent to the trusted device and complete the procedure. You enter the key on any drive.

On Mac OS

Here, only El Captain versions and more recent operating system firmware can use two-factor authentication:

  • find system parameters;
  • click on Ayklud and start the accounting information correction mode;
  • in another window, click “Security”, after which the system will ask you to enter a password;
  • click on the setting located at the bottom of the window. Confirm the security combination displayed on all devices linked to Apple ID.

Things to Remember?

Do not forget that two-factor authentication is a whole ordered system of actions, they are primarily aimed at saving your information, you can turn it off, but do you need it? For the option to work properly, remember the following information:

  • login data from the account;
  • codes for programs. digital combinations that you set yourself in your personal profile;
  • master key is a set of different symbols automatically generated after activation. It will come in handy if you lose access to proven devices and mobile devices. It is better to make a screenshot of this key and send it to a folder on your computer or other equipment. In addition, you can record on a memory card or even an ordinary piece of paper. It is important to keep this information safe and use a universal key.

One more piece of advice: update your numbers on time. If you have changed the SIM, then immediately edit the data in your profile. Otherwise, you will not be able to enter your ID. It is also necessary to monitor the safety of the smartphone itself or other “Apple” device. Better to use a fingerprint reader to restrict unlocking. Not only virtual hacking can harm, but also illegal access of strangers to your device.

Trusted hardware

The tested device is any of your “Apple” gadgets. There is only one requirement. all devices must be linked to one Apple ID. It is on the principle of such a binding that groups of trusted equipment are created. You will not be able to confirm identification via a smartphone or other unit that is not included in the group of your Apple devices.

Only one owner of a tablet, PC or phone will be able to interact with two-factor authentication. The list of such devices is a catalog of different models of devices, to which a code with numbers will be sent to confirm the entrance to the Apple ID or some program. You can get acquainted with the list directly in the application, there is a Devices tab.


This process does not take much time. But if you made the decision to first remove it, and then activate it again, then you made the right decision. This gives you an extra layer of reliability that protects information in hardware memory, various programs and in the cloud.

How two common concepts differ?

If you are an iPhone 7 or any other user, then it is important to know the difference between two-step verification and the concept we are considering, because the action is similar, but the meaning is different:

  • The check was created and installed in Apple devices three years ago. Its main purpose is an additional level of control over the activation of the “Apple” account. Found in devices starting with iOS 9 firmware versions.
  • Authentication is a more functional and comprehensive verification method. The company has improved the service and added new verification systems to it, including interaction with the location. The essence of interaction with the cards is in the marks of the points of “safety”.

We all regularly visit certain places, so you can select several places on the map at once, from which you can easily authorize. When the entry is made outside the boundaries of the marks, a verification pin and a message about possible hacks and illegal entry are instantly sent to the previously indicated devices.

In fact, 2FA is the safest and most advanced form of identification control. The check sends a protective password to a trusted device, while authentication will also analyze the location of the iPhone and warn the owner of a potential threat.

Main advantages

Apple ID contains information about trusted gadgets, as well as bank card information, personal contacts of the owner. In the virtual storage, many can find photos of documents and other valuable information, the loss of which can lead to dire consequences. Disabling the two-factor service, as you can see, is not very difficult, but in order to more reliably protect your data, it is better to use it. I will note the following advantages:

  • all “Apple” devices have a single security organization;
  • a large selection of control settings;
  • 100% guaranteed ultra-reliable protection against different types of hacking.

Apple ID two-factor authentication.

When you enable two-factor authentication, you can only log into your account from your verified gadgets. If you want to use your account on a new device, then enter your password and 6-digit code, which will be displayed on the devices on which you have previously entered your ID. After this procedure, the device will be confirmed. When you enable two-factor authentication, one password is not enough to enter your account, and due to this, the security of your data increases.

To receive a 6-digit confirmation code, you can use not only your gadgets, on which you are already authorized, but also your phone number. You should make at least 1 trusted number to which the code will be sent.

Apple ID two-factor authentication: how to enable and whether to disable?

Two-Factor Authentication provides additional security for Apple IDs, so we recommend that all users enable this feature. How to enable two-factor authentication for Apple ID and what it is, you will learn from this article.

Benefits of using two-factor authentication.

Your account will be as secure as possible. You no longer need to memorize the answers to various security questions. Your identity will be verified using a password and verification codes. Initially, when you try to activate a new gadget, the password code will be sent to a trusted device, if you do not have access to it at the moment, then click on “Code not received” and confirmation digits will be sent to you to your trusted number. In this case, you can easily activate any device quickly, even without having access to all trusted gadgets.

Read more:  How to Connect a Steering Wheel to a Computer

How to enable two-factor authentication for Apple ID?

You can activate the additional protection function on any of your devices with an account. Let’s take a look at how to enable two-factor authentication for Apple ID on iPhone:

  • Go to “Settings” → “Account” → “Password and Security”.
  • Activate the function.
  • Click “Continue”.

Enter the phone number to which you want to receive verification codes. After Apple verifies your phone number, protection will be activated.

You can also enable this feature on a Mac. To do this, go to the laptop settings and go to the “Apple ID” section. After that, also activate the function. Please note that the most recent system update is required to enable 2FA.

When activating this function, do not forget to remember your account password, do not lose access to a trusted phone number, verified devices. If your mobile number has changed, then change the trusted number in the account settings in order not to lose access to it in the future.

How to turn off two-factor authentication on Apple ID?

When activated, it is not possible to disable the function. It is an additional layer of security for your devices and is often required. You can refuse to enable two-factor authentication and use simpler protection for your account, but when you activate the function, you will not be able to return to the previous security system. Also note that this feature is different from 2-step verification.

Do not forget your Apple ID password, use only the phone number you have access to for confirmation, increase the security of your devices simply along with additional protection and always have the opportunity to access your data on any of your gadgets.

Do you have a MacBook or an iMac? We’ve created an online marathon for you to set up useful services on Mac: learn in 8 easy lessons how to quickly set up your Apple ID, iCloud and other services on your Mac. secure your user data, optimize iCloud storage, etc.

  • It’s fast: you don’t have to search YouTube for setup instructions.
  • It’s simple: you will see every step on the screen, with prompts in understandable language.
  • Convenient: you gain useful skills from the comfort of your chair.

New degree of protection

Every time you sign in to your user account, your location information is sent to trusted devices. In cases where it coincides with the actual place of your stay, you can allow entry by pressing the highlighted button.

Disable two-factor protection system

It is strongly recommended not to carry out any manipulations with the device that can disable Apple’s two-factor authentication, this will reduce the degree of security of your gadget. However, in some cases it is simply not required. For example, you use your laptop and smartphone all the time. In this case, there is no need to confirm the identity and, moreover, the procedure is very tiring.

Trusted devices

Only Apple’s gadget can be trusted. over, the operating system installed on it must be at least iOS 9 for mobile devices and at least OS X El Capitan for laptops and personal computers. “Two-factor authentication” explains this by the fact that only in this case, Apple can guarantee that the laptop you are using belongs to you.

Six-digit verification codes can be sent not only to trusted devices, but also to mobile device numbers. At the same time, the method of confirming the number and the gadget is no different. It is also worth remembering that whichever method you use to obtain a verification code, two-factor authentication will require you to know your own Apple ID. Learn it by heart, otherwise you risk not accessing your account.

Apple two-factor authentication: features, protection principle, disable

In modern gadgets, great importance is attached to the protection of the user’s personal data. And we are talking not only about the account, saved contacts and messages, but also about personal documents and files. The highest level of data protection is guaranteed by Apple’s two-factor authentication, when two special numeric codes must be entered in a row to access personal data.

How it works

The main feature of Apple’s new security system is the guarantee that only you can enter the device, even if the password is known to others. With two-step verification, you can only sign in from a trusted iPhone, iPad, or Mac device. In this case, two-factor authentication will require you to sequentially enter two types of password: a regular and six-digit verification code, which will automatically be displayed on the verified gadget.

After that, Apple’s two-factor authentication will “remember” your device and open access to personal data without additional verification. You can also make the browser of any PC trusted by setting this option when you first log into your account.

Disabling Email Authentication

If you find that the two-step protection system is activated on your device without your knowledge, you can disable it remotely using the email provided at the time of registration or a backup address. How to disable two-factor authentication using email?

To do this, you need to open a letter that will come to your mailbox immediately after activating the protection system. At the bottom of the message, you will see the coveted item “Turn off.”. Click on it once, and the previous settings for protecting your personal data will be restored.

Disable for early devices

In 2019, the company removed the option to disable two-factor authentication on its gadgets on OS 10.3, Mac OS 10.12 systems. 4 and some others.

For owners of earlier versions of iPhones, it remains possible to disable the secondary security system in a few minutes. To do this, you need to open the official Apple page in the browser and follow the steps.

  • Open the official Apple page Appleid.Apple.com.
  • Log in with your Apple ID.
  • Open the column “Security”.
  • Click on the “Change” option.
  • In the window that opens, click the “Disable” option.
  • Confirm your identity in the field that opens through the “Security questions”.
  • Click “Save”.

Additionally! After entering the data confirming the identity, the system will require you to set new security questions, which should not repeat the previous ones.

Apple ID two-factor authentication

How to disable two-factor authentication in Apple ID, if there is no way to use a secondary code, and is this protection system so important, consider all the options.

Disabling authentication by creating a new identifier

For owners of new gadgets, the developer does not recommend disabling two-factor authentication, even if there is not a lot of information on the iPhone and the user does not want to bother constantly confirming the code on an adjacent (trusted) device.

If you are still configured to disable duplicate security, there are two options.

  • submit a formal disconnect request to Apple Service. In this case, you must have documents confirming the legality of ownership of the gadget;
  • disable authentication by creating a new iCloud ID.

To turn off two-factor authentication on iPhone, you’ll need to change your iCloud ID. Two-step verification will be disabled in a minute if you use a simple instruction.

  • Open the official Apple page.
  • Sign up and activate a new iCloud account.

Additionally! You can keep your real Apple ID for the App Store without switching the app function to a new account

  • Open the “Settings” tab in the new account.
  • Select the “Sign out of iCloud” option, type in the password, click “Disable”.
  • Check the box next to the phone options you want to save. In the corner on the right, click the Sign Out icon.
  • Open the main iPhone account, go to “Settings”, click on the “Apple ID” icon.
  • In the window that opens, type in a new Icloud identifier and a new password.
  • When switching to a new account, two-factor authentication is not active.
  • Open the “Settings” section, tap on the “Apple ID” option, tap on the added identifier, enable the “iCloud Backup” option.

After simple manipulations, the user does not have a question how to remove the obsessive concern of Apple developers. You can use your device on any device without the obligatory use of a second phone.

Apple ID two-factor authentication. turn verification on or off

Two-factor account authentication is an additional security system that Apple offers to use every owner of an “Apple” gadget. To activate the service, you need an additional device (second phone), which will become trusted.

Read more:  Update Phone To Latest Version

Configuring Two-Layer Security

Two-factor authentication involves the use of a gadget with the mandatory input of a verification code. This simple security scheme is actually quite powerful. If your password has fallen into the hands of third parties, an attacker will not be able to log into your account without using a trusted device.

The multilevel security system also has its drawback, the account owner will also not be able to activate his account from a new device if he does not have a trusted device at hand. Steps to enable two-layer protection for your personal data and your contacts on an iOS 11 device.

Important! In smartphones version up to 10.2, configuration is done via the iCloud application

  • Open the “Settings” tab, go to the “Account. Apple ID record “.
  • Open the “Passwords” window, tap on the “Two-factor authentication” window.
  • Move the scale to the “Enable” position.

Important! In 50% of cases, the security system will require you to answer security questions. Take the test

  • Type in the phone number where it is convenient for you to receive confirmation codes or voice messages. This phone will be the trusted device.
  • Check the box for a convenient confirmation method: SMS, call.
  • Accept the verification code on the specified device.
  • Enter the code into the opened field of the smartphone.

Configuration via computer

You can activate two-factor authentication using a PC running an operating system no later than a Mac running OS X El Capitan. To do this, follow the simple instructions.

  • Open the Apple menu, choose “Preferences”.
  • Click on the “iCloud” option, click on “Account. record “.
  • Click on the “Security” option.
  • In the window that opens, move the scale to the “Enable” position.

Important! If the Apple ID was created on a gadget with i OS 10.3 or Mac OS 10.12.4, two-factor authentication may be enabled by default

In new gadgets, when the user configures his contacts, applications, etc., the manufacturer has provided an option to disable authentication within two weeks after setting.

This is done in case the client, for some reason, did not like to use additional protection. At the same time, the developers warn that with an inactive two-factor verification system, some functions of the latest generation gadgets may not be available.

How to remove confirmation of an action in VK?

So we got to the required settings page, in which two-factor authentication is disabled. To do this, find and click on the button that says Disable login confirmation. As a result, a window will be displayed in which you must specify your current password from the VK page.

How to turn off icloud two factor authentication?

How to get two-factor authentication on iPhone?

If your device is running iOS 10.2 or earlier, follow these steps.

  • Select “Settings” iCloud.
  • Select your Apple ID Password & Security.
  • Click on “Enable Two-Factor Authentication”.
  • Click “Continue”.

How to unblock Apple ID if you can’t access your phone number?

If you have security questions assigned to your Apple ID, or if you don’t have access to a trusted device or phone number, go to iforgot.Apple.com. Then you can unlock your account with your existing password or reset your password.

How to disable two-factor authentication if you can’t access your phone?

  • Go → “All Settings” → “Security” → “Two-Factor Authentication”.
  • Click Disable Two-Factor Authentication.
  • Confirm disconnection.
  • Enter code from SMS and password.
  • Click Disable.

New. How To Turn Off Two Factor Authentication Account Apple ID

How to log into Iclaud if there is no access to a phone number?

How to sign in to Icloud if you can’t access your phone number?

  • You can use the password recovery form on the icloud.com website, where you will be asked to answer various questions. (.
  • You can read the detailed instructions on the Apple website.
  • You can contact the technical support service, they will help you.

How to remove double protection in VK?

To disable two-factor authentication, follow these steps:

  • Go to the Settings Security menu.
  • In the Login Confirmation section, click the Disable Login Confirmation button.
  • For security reasons, you will be prompted for the current password for your account.
  • Two-factor authentication will be disabled.

How to remove two-factor authentication on iphone?

In any of the browsers, open the page https://Appleid.Apple.com, sign in to your account and scroll down to the “Security” section. Select “Disable Two-Factor Authentication”.

How to set up and disable two-factor authentication for Apple ID

Apple’s two-factor authentication plays an important role in the security of its users. In this article, we will tell you what two-factor authentication is. And, as you know, 2-Step Verification is the precursor to Apple’s two-factor authentication; the latter is a newer security method. We’ll then show you how to move from 2-Step Verification to 2-Step Verification. What’s more, we’ll walk you through how to set up and disable Apple’s two-factor authentication. Next let’s move on!

Download iOS Data Recovery FREE Now!

Buy iOS Data Recovery Now!

Recover iPhone calendars, messages, contacts, pictures, app data, notes and more.

How to go from 2-step verification to 2-factor authentication?

Step 1 Go to your Apple ID account page. Sign in with your Apple ID.

Step 2 Enter Account Settings part, click Security and then click Edit.

Step 3 Go to Two-Step Verification and then click Disable Two-Step Verification to disable this.

How to Turn off Two Factor Authentication Apple ID on iOS 14

Step 4 On the next screen, click Turn off two-step verification.

Step 5 Next, you must create three new security questions. After a while, you will receive an email confirming that two-step verification for your account has been disabled.

Step 6 Then you can enable two factor authentication by following the steps we just mentioned.

How to set up Apple two-factor authentication

You can follow the instructions on your iPhone.

Step 1 Provided the version of your iPhone. iOS 10.3 or later, you can go to Settings, click your name and Password and Security, Hit Turn on Two-Factor Authentication and then click Continue.

Step 2 Provided the version of your system is iPhone. iOS 10.2 or earlier, you must go to Settings, click on iCloud, and then click on Apple ID, Next click on Password and Security, go to Turn on two-factor authentication and then click on Continue.

Step 3 In this process, you may be asked to answer security questions regarding your Apple ID.

Step 4 Enter the phone number where you can receive a verification code every time you log in. Then click Next.For a while you will receive a verification code.

Step 5 You must enter the verification code you just received, and then two-factor authentication will be enabled.

Well, as you know, two-factor authentication is a safer measure than its original one. Two-Step Verification.If you are using two-step verification and want to switch to two-factor authentication, you can follow these steps.

What is Apple Two-Factor Authentication?

Apple Two-Factor Authentication is an important measure to keep your Apple ID secure. It can block strangers from accessing your Apple ID even if they know your password. In cases where your iOS device has been stolen, this measure works a lot. When you buy a new iOS device and sign in for the first time, you need to provide your password and verification code, which is displayed on your trusted devices such as iPhone, iPad or Mac. This process ensures that you are the owner of the Apple device. When you are signed in, you will not be prompted to enter a verification code on that device, unless the following situations arise:

How to disable Apple’s two-factor authentication

The following steps will show you how to disable two-factor authentication.

Step 2 Login your Apple ID and Password.

Step 3 Enter Account Settings part, click Security and then click Edit, Go to Two-Factor Authentication and then click Two-Factor Authentication Turn off disable this.

Step 4 On the next screen, click Turn Off Two-Factor Authentication.

Step 5 Next, you need to reset the security questions. When you are done with security questions, please click Continue.

Step 6 After that, two-factor authentication will be disabled, and from now on, your Apple account will be protected by your password and the security questions you asked. Then you can log out of the website.

Apple’s Two-Factor Authentication Identity

ATTENTION! Disabling the two-factor authentication option could set your Apple account in the possession of malicious intent by third parties. This can result in the loss of personal data, paid apps, and even money if you authenticated your bank account or use Apple Pay!

Many users find this a useful additional security measure at the expense of Apple (iCloud / Apple ID). Two-Factor Authentication (Two-Factor Authentication) Is In addition security at the expense of Apple when we first log in with it on a device or in a web browser.
This process involves generating a six-digit invoice sent to a device (iPhone, iPad, MacBook) already authenticated. The code must be confirmed on the new device. If we do not have an Apple device but do have iCloud, a six-digit code will be sent to the phone number we believe is reliable and that we added when we created an iCloud account. Thus, even if an attacker finds the iCloud password, the password cannot access the account without this code is automatically sent after proper authentication.

Read more:  Checking Apple Watch When Purchasing

Some users do not consider this additional security method necessary. It takes a little longer to authenticate than the regular method, and what’s most annoying is that some of the apps we want to connect to our iCloud email address don’t recognize the authentication process. I recently ran into this issue on a Windows 10 email app that prevents me from two-factor authentication for an iCloud address.

Disable Apple Authentication Two-Factor Authentication

If you decide to give up this authentication method, you can disable two-factor authentication by following these steps:

Access from Mac / PC web address: AppleI would.Apple.com where you sign in with Apple Your ID And here you will be asked to enter a 6 digit code.

Security section click on the “Edit” link on the right.

In the security settings in the lower right corner, click the “Turn off two-factor authentication” link.

Click on the confirmation “Two-Factor Authentication Disable”.

Ask three answers to three security questions for your account. Apple and then check that the account recovery email address is correct. After completing these steps, two-factor authentication will be disabled.

Two-Factor Authentication Disable

Once disabled, you will be automatically logged in from all applications and browsers that you have logged into your iCloud account. Including iPhone, MacBook or iPad.

IPhone owners who use the Izzade app They will need to activate the service. The cost of activating Izzade service is the equivalent value of the shipment of international SMS.

Disable two-factor authentication on Apple devices

Yablochnaya company is anxious and especially enthusiastic about protecting devices and accounts from hacking. At the moment, all recently released devices (where IOS is installed at least version 9, and in OS X laptops) have two-factor identification, which virtually eliminates the likelihood of using devices of our own production without the knowledge of the owner.

However, some users do not always like this approach: after all, in order to activate and use the device, it is necessary to do double work (enter the ID key and the digital code), as a result of which users are interested in how to disable two-factor authentication in the IPhone, iPad, MacBook, although this operation is not performed in this way too often.

To do this, follow these steps:

  • on a computer in a browser, open the iCloud.com page;
  • Enter login and password;
  • in a new window, in the text field, type in the characters that should come to the trusted gadget;
  • click in the displayed dialog on the mobile device “Allow” to open the required page;
  • if the computer where the authorization is performed was not previously included in the list of devices that the user fully trusts, another message will pop up on the gadget about whether you trust this browser. An affirmative answer must be given;
  • in the newly displayed window, click on the settings icon or use the pop-up menu in the upper right corner (see screenshot).
  • log in to your Apple ID account;
  • click on the “Account Management” icon, then display the “Security” tab, and then click on the “Change” link;
  • at the bottom of the screen, find the link “Disable authentication”, click on it, and then confirm the execution of this action by entering a combination of characters, which will be sent as a message to a trusted device;
  • answer the three secret questions that are indicated by the user himself when going through the procedure for registering an Apple ID account;
  • in the new window displayed by the dialog, it remains only to confirm the disabling of two-step verification.

Although this process is quite lengthy, it should not cause any particular difficulties for the user. To return two-factor authentication, you will have to repeat all the above steps again.

Why is the wrong place shown on the map??

Unlike the Maps app on Apple devices, 2FA doesn’t use location services. Instead, the IP address is used. This makes it possible to check your location even if you are not using GPS.

An IP address is a long number associated with a computer, smartphone, tablet, or any other internet-connected device. This IP address can be used to determine your location.

The problem is your IP address depends on your ISP. Sometimes you can use a server that is hundreds of kilometers away. This is the reason why two-factor authentication incorrectly locates.

If the Maps app does not display a location correctly, there may be problems with the location services.

What is two-factor authentication?

Two-factor authentication is an advanced security mechanism. This requires permission from another Apple device before you can sign in to your account. Thus, for outsiders, the process of logging into someone else’s account is complicated.

Two-factor authentication generates a unique six-digit code.

A map appears on the Apple assistive device that shows where you are trying to sign in from. Unfortunately, this map often shows the wrong place.

If you still allow access, a six-digit code is issued, which must be entered on the device from which you are logging into your account. Thus, even if you allow an unauthorized person to enter, he will not be able to enter without this unique code.

What to do if 2FA shows the wrong location?

Apple advises to allow two-factor authentication if you are trying to sign in to your Apple ID and the location is incorrect. If a point is shown within your country, access is likely to be secure.

Using two-factor authentication when trying to sign in to Apple ID.

If you see a notification from your Apple ID when you’re not trying to sign in, click Don’t Allow. This can only happen when someone else tries to log into your account.

Why Apple ID Two-Factor Authentication Shows The Wrong Location

If you are using two-factor authentication with your Apple ID account, you may have noticed incorrect location when trying to sign in. Apple shows your location on a map so you can verify your identity. However, the wrong location may be displayed.

It cannot be ruled out that someone else is trying to log into your account. Although, if you’re currently signing in to your Apple ID and iCloud yourself, access is usually secure.

Don’t disable two-factor authentication

You may be tempted to turn off two-factor authentication if your location is incorrectly determined over and over again. This is a bad idea because it lowers your account protection.

Even if you allow someone to access from the wrong location, two-factor authentication asks for a six-digit code. Thus, you will protect your account from access by unauthorized people.

Without two-factor authentication, you only need a password to sign in to your Apple ID. When a third party logs into your account, you will not receive a notification about this.

Try another network

The computer can access the Internet through a server hundreds of kilometers away. Another provider may be using closer servers.

Try connecting to a different Wi-Fi network and see if the internet access point changes. Or use a different cellular network. Different networks can give different location accuracy.

How to fix incorrect location in two-factor authentication?

In fact, nothing needs to be fixed. The wrong location doesn’t stop you from signing in to your Apple ID. You can look at your IP address and make sure its location matches the one shown on the map for two-factor authentication.

To do this, visit a site like iplocation.net. There are several different databases, often with different locations. At the time of this writing, Apple is using a DB-IP database.

Visit the IP address database and check the location of your device.

You will see the same location in the DB-IP database as in the 2FA notification.

If you still want to fix the wrong location, there are a couple of tips.